【新房变身 • 旧居再生】居家装修学,用细节与生活机能创造最以人为本的空间价值 Creating a better home & tasteful living SPACE!

[编辑 Editor 吕大人   英译 Translator 刘大人   部分照片提供 Images by JIDA]

拥有属于自己的第一所房子,相信是许多看官们日以继夜忙碌打拼的终极理想。手握钥匙的那一刻,环顾空荡荡的四周,到底该如何运用手上拥有的装修预算、该怎么最大化地规划空间、 该如何与室内设计与装修商沟通等种种问题,可是一门不小的学问啊!大人还得知,近期有不少买家开始将眼光投注于旧城区的房子,要将一所已有至少卅年历史的老房再改造,并非小数目小工程所能达成,然而完工后的成就感却可能比拥有一所新房子还浓烈呢!「年关将近,相信看官们近期必是领了一笔厚酬吧?若有年后进行装修工程的打算,不妨先瞧瞧大人特地给看官们整理的一系列居家装修与设计考量,有了基础准则,才能将钱财花在刀口上!在某个程度上,动线良好、以人为本的装修与室内设计甚至可为房子保值哦!」

CONGRATULATIONS! So you have bought your dream house. Now, how do you transform the house into a home? Making the dream come true requires thorough planning, so start your research well in advance, from the big picture to the little details and look into every possible aspect from the start to the finish. By the time you get around to following our checklist and starting work on it, you should be a bit of an expert in the field.

若是首次购买新屋,挑选时尽量以符合自身空间需求的格局规划,才能省却不必要的更动敲打费用;若是选购二手房,则需以房子年份或实际安全状况作为评估原则,装修费用或许会比新屋高。

此外,有地房产与高楼住宅单位的大小也将直接影响装修费用,建议购买房子前先将房价的10%-20%纳为装修预算一并计入,并将未来2-3年内的需求如孩童、 长辈或宠物入住纳为设计考量,同时得勤于监督工程进展,才能真切实现拥有梦想房!

Everyone will have their own reasons for choosing either a new or older building but ultimately, it’s about finding the home that’s right for you. Moving into a newly built property gives you a clean slate to fit your first home with everything you desire but it may prove harder to start afresh without considerable work. Resale homes may have the potential to become a comfortable abode after renovation, but that can turn out to be a costly endeavour.

Homes also come in all shapes and sizes, which can translate to different costs. So, there isn’t one fixed figure, it really depends on the amount of works you would like to do. Build in about 10-20% of the purchase price for renovation with your ideal lifestyle in mind for the next 2-3 years. With proper planning, the keys to your dream home are within reach.

新屋 (new property)
From basic to breathtaking!

一般新屋已有全新的水电管路、地板与铝制门窗等配备,若无需增加管线或敲打工程,即可将三分之一的装修费用着重於机能性的收纳橱柜,三分之一用于家具与家电等。多功能的橱柜亦可当作间隔空间之用, 一举两得。建议无需急于采买过多的家具,随着入住后的生活习惯逐渐增加实用性的家饰较为实际。

There’s less hassle with an empty house, and It’s natural that you’ll want to enjoy your home and get as much use from it as possible. Even though there are no immediate defects to the house, you may want to put in 1/3 of your budget for extra storage or restructuring to create a larger space for your children; while spending another 1/3 on new furniture and household appliances. Think long term and avoid any last minute changes to the design plan. As always, have a contingency fund to accommodate any changes or hiccups that may occur along the way.

 

二手房(Resale property)
From seasoned to modernity

10年以上的房子,若想一并将陈旧的地板门窗、砖墙油漆、厨具、水电、卫浴间等更新,还得将漏水等问题考量入内,装修预算需提高至房价的30%-50%以上。 建议先咨询室内设计师或预先了解装修行情比价,从而了解各材质等级与施工法的计算标准。预算若有限, 先以施工较为困难的大型敲打工程与水电管路埋线更变为主,事前规划插座位置将能减少日后空间运用的不便,最好每面墙皆能配置至少一个插座,并预先列出生活习惯与电器清单设定最适当的位置。

Resale houses can represent real bargain potential and can prove an excellent way to stretch a budget and get more home for your money. Buying a resale property (say over 10 years), unlike the new one, usually need major repairs from time to time, therefore be prepared to fork out your own money (up to 30%-50% of the purchase price) for inspections and repairs. Working with an interior designer helps you to “visualise” what your biggest expenses are and rationalise your needs. You can then determine whether you can afford a major renovation or live with light enhancements to the existing property. If you have a limited budget, focus on the essential items in dire need of fixing like changing the new electrical wiring and plumbing system.

 

举例:
Not sure how much you should set aside for your new home? Here’s an example

●  新屋建议装修预算为 RM60,000 – RM120,000 (房价的 10%-20%)
For new property, set aside a renovation budget between 10%-20% of the purchase price (RM60,000 to RM120,000)

●  一般有地房产交屋期以24个月前开始存款为准,建议每月增加存款 RM2,500~RM5,000 (为期两年)
It will take up to 24 months for new landed developments before you get to collect your house keys, start making preparation in advance by setting aside between RM2,500 to RM5,000 monthly (over a 2-year period)

●  若是高楼住宅交屋期以36个月前开始存款为准,建议每月增加存款 RM1,670~RM3,340 (为期三年)
With new high-rise developments taking up to 36 months for completion, now is the best time to set aside between RM1,670 to RM3,340 monthly (over a 3-year period)

●  二手房建议装修预算为 RM180,000 – RM300,000 (房价的30%-50%)
For resale property, consider a budget between 30%-50% of the purchase price (RM180,000 to RM300,000)

●  由于不似新屋有较长的交屋期限,因此买房前必须预先准备装修预算,可随预算调整设计清单。
As the delivery period varies between resale houses and new developments, it’s advisable to start planning in advance while gathering inspiration and reviewing your budget before making a decision on the style and features that you’ll want in your dream home!

【独家专访】与空间设计师对话
In conversation with ID

面对刚拿钥匙的新居抑或是已有部分家具的二手房,最让人头疼的事应当是如何将一间空荡荡或不符合自身需求的房子给变成窝心暖居了。看官们若是对室内设计毫无概念的话,想当然尔必是得先准备一笔预算请专业的室内设计师来操刀了。

要将房子从零变一,咱们的算盘不得不打得精准些,身为门外汉的业主遇着设计这档事总是觉得复杂又繁琐,可谁又不想花了一大笔费用后觉得遗憾呢?因此在砸下重金装修房子前必须做好万全的功课,才能有皆大欢喜的结局。

大人这一回特地专访了四位在新山室内设计领域里极具前瞻性的设计师 So-En (Team BJ)、Silver (Rice Design)、Ken (DAA) 与 Calix (Telford),藉由这系列「与空间设计师对话」中八道与设计师沟通上常见的问答题,让看官们能预先做好为居家更换新装的心理建设哦!

1

设计师是否会根据我提供的室内图作出一样的设计?
I came across a design I really like and want my interior designer to do the same. Is that OK?

So-En // TeamBJ: Professionally, it’s not ethical to copy completely. As a designer, we should educate the client on this matter and try to understand what the client likes about the design. We can then interprete it and translate the key ideas into the client’s space, which may then suit them even better!

Silver // Rice Design: 我觉得身为一名设计师,每当客户向你叙述一个概念方向时,反而会比较容易了解客户的需求,我们需要站在他们的立场去设想整个方案,学会不预设立场。面对客户,我们永远需要及时对话、了解整体架构,运用观察力并设身处地为客户着想,以便能为客户设计出最适合他们运作的设计。

Ken // DAA: 对DAA而言,每个空间都有其特性,而设计师的职责则是通过对其进行多方面的规划,探讨及构思,打造出最适合客户的设计。换句话说,也就是让空间符合「以人为本」的设计理念。因此,当被提供一些室内图或样本图时,设计师并不会做出一样的设计,而是先对其进行详细深入的讨论,了解其设计意义,美感及整体概念。再通过与客户沟通,对话与改进,从而定制客户满意,适合且兼具整体空间美感的设计。

Calix // Telford: Basically ‘No’.

 

2

如果设计师与我所坚持的想法有所不同,该如何解决?
My interior designer and I have ideas that clashed, what should I do?

So-En // TeamBJ: AS a client, I would explain my requirement in a logical and objective manner without getting too personal and without affecting the designer’s integrity of the design. In this professional manner, the designer should be able to understand.

Silver // Rice Design: 作为一家设计公司,我们比別人更用心的地方在于我们真的投入了很多时间去了解我们的客户。以「人」为出发点,人如何与空间对话,是我们最想要去了解的事情,所以作品跟人的沟通最终仍会摆在第一位,以顾客的生活习惯和便利为第一准则。人们需要空间以产生链接、得到休憩、获得新的启发等,我们应当为这些很人性的事项来着手设计。

Ken // DAA: 其实「设计」二字看似简单但却极其复杂。何谓设计? 设计即是对人造事物的构想与规划。简单的说,设计是一个过程,而这样的一个过程往往是建立在沟通的基础上。明白人各有其需求与想法,所以设计师必须对不同的要求与意见进行深入探讨,通过与客户双向的沟通与相互了解,制定完善且适合的设计。因此,从以上论述可以了解到若设计师与个人的想法有所不同时,业主可尝试与设计师进行深入的双向沟通,通过相互了解及整合各自的想法,找出问题的来源与解决方案。

Calix // Telford: “Discussion”. Have to find out what’s the problem and come out with the solution.

 

3

如果价格超出预算,但对设计非常满意,该如何平衡?
How do I balance budget versus wanting your dream home?

So-En // TeamBJ: One can work with the designer to design a dream house, at the same time, one can inform the designer that the renovation will be carried out in stages to accommodate the budget. Work with the necessary items first.

Silver // Rice Design: 以往顾客给我们的创作空间还蛮大的,但最主要还是预算的问题。通常我会先与客户进行整体沟通,以致了解哪方面的设计概念较吸引他们,在对话过程里我们大概就能掌握顾客的预算和喜好。再说,一个好的设计也不单只是利用昂贵的材料才能呈现出来,我们也会拿捏在符合的预算里,也能带出整体环境效果的设计。

Ken // DAA: 在预算与设计两者间取得平衡不仅是许多人一直以来面对的一个艰难抉择,也是设计师在设计时常面对的一个难题。虽说设计师在设计初期能根据预算进行适合的设计与规划,但无可否认,预算依然是影响设计的一个重要因素。因此当设计与价格无法平衡时,建议可针对设计的需要性,功能性及美观性进行考量。通过以上三点,在不影响整体下对设计进行修改及构想,以平衡预算。此外,若想完全保留相同的设计,也可对所使用的材质进行评估与筛选,或使用相似的替代材质以达到预算与设计平衡。

Calix // Telford: If the design is over budget, we will try to cut down or replace the proposed material with other alternatives to achieve similar effects.

 

4

万一最终成品与设计图有所出入,该如何处理?
Why does my house look nothing like the proposed sketch/design?

So-En // TeamBJ: The process of documenting the design development stage is highly critical to ensure minimal miscommunication and to prevent an unexpected outcome. Request for designers to give you a full set of key plans and a material mood board. With these, clients will have a clear understanding of what to expect.

Silver // Rice Design: 只要依照图纸方案施工,通常不会发生有太大的误差。除非是间中客户有进行较大的变动才有可能导致设计图与成品的偏差较大。

Ken // DAA: 最终成品与设计有所出入一般上最常见的原因是因施工现场环境的限制。好的设计在设计的过程中就必须对空间进行详细的规划与构思,减低成品与设计的出入。设计师在设计初期必须先对所设计的空间进行深入了解,尽可能地顾及空间的特性,如此才能打造适合的设计。而在施工时,若设计师发现因施工现场环境因素将造成设计上的出入,设计师应预先与业主达成协议。而如果是在没有达成协议下,最终成品与设计图有所出入,业主有权询问设计师其修改原因,从而决定是否要接受最终成品。而无原因的擅自更改已批准的设计则是不可接受的。

Calix // Telford: Normally, we will review the final design. If the outcome is better than the prior design or we think we can improvise to make it even better, we will inform the owner. However, if the finished product is below par, we will redo the entire item.

 

5

分段式的装修是否可行?该从何着手?
I want to renovate my home but I want to do so by sections. How should I go about this?

So-En // TeamBJ: Do let your designer and contractor know this beforehand so that the stages can be carefully planned with minimal inconveniences and disruptions.

Silver // Rice Design: 可以,我们会建议屋主先进行较多灰尘的部分,把重要的事项先处理好,家私和布置摆设的部分延后皆可行。

Ken // DAA: 分段式的装修在有计划的安排下实际上是可行的。但在进行分段式装修时,空间分段与工程分段必须取得平衡。考虑到施工进行时会产生的粉尘,噪音及污垢,业主或设计师必须对要分段施工的区域进行详细的规划,预先把会造成整体环境污浊的工程完成,如敲打工程,水电工程或粉刷 工程等等。而其他较为简单或无需现场施工的组装工程则可在日后才进行。除此之外,设计师与业主 也必须就分段装修明确的规划其动线,以防已装修的区域动线被阻碍或工程被已装修的区域限制。

Calix // Telford: Yes. Normally, we recommend starting from the “top” item first such as electrical, air-con and ceiling, before we work on the finished items like flooring, carpentry and etc.

 

6

设计图确定后,万一中途改变主意需要更改,是否可行?
Can I add or remove some elements halfway through the renovation?

So-En // TeamBJ: Yes, however, do consider your designer’s advice very seriously. If it involves major amendments, it will incur additional expenses and disruptions. However, if both parties are agreeable, then perfect.

Silver // Rice Design: 可以,只需双方沟通妥当。并没有任何问题。

Ken // DAA: 若先摒除更改的设计是否会影响整体设计概念或空间特性等因素,在设计图确定后,中途更改并非无法达成。但除了设计师与业主必须在更改的原因与意见上达成共识外,最重要的是其对工程的影响。简单的说,若工程尚未进行或更改的内容不影响已施工的工程,那这样的一个更改是可行的。但若更改的内容会造成拆除或重新施工, 那设计师必须清楚的让业主了解到更改将会牵扯到的工程内容与费用,从而寻求可行的方案,以免日后造成不必要的 纠纷。

 

7

如果逾期完工,该如何解决?
My renovation delivery has been delayed, what should I do?

So-En // TeamBJ: Understand the real reason behind the delay. Get our designer and contractor to work out a catch-up plan in black & white and follow through it. If this does not work, impose a late penalty fee.

Silver // Rice Design: 我们会进行审核是哪方面出了问题,也会与业主跟进此事项的问题。以便能尽快解决并交屋给业主。

Ken // DAA: 造成逾期完工的因素有许多种,根据不同的因素则 会有不同的解决方案。一般而言,工程在进行时,业主与设计师必须密切的沟通,预防逾期完工。尚若不幸发生逾期完工,业主可针对工程的安排及规划与设计师进行协商,了解造成逾期完工的原因从而寻找解决方案。

 

8

一般保固期多久?
What is the typical defect and warranty period after renovation?

So-En // TeamBJ: Between 6 months to 1 year.

Silver // Rice Design: 我们都会给予我们的顾客一年的保固期。

Ken // DAA: 保固期视设计公司合约而定,一般上约为12至 18个月左右。

装修流程(checklist)
From conception to completion

简单来说,装修可分为以下的几大流程,而每个流程还可以再细分几十项,大人就不长篇大论了。新春之际,大人在此祝贺看官们:新年快乐、装修大吉!

Thinking of renovating your home but unsure of how to go about it? The following checklist covers the fundamental information you’ll need to renovate your home. Happy renovation and happy new year!

□ 装修前期:验收房产,研读装修行情,准备房产平面图,准备现金
Pre-renovation: Check for defects, take measurements, research on your budget, explore financing options, apply for renovation permits

□ 选定设计:商讨设计与功能性,决定最终设计风格,制定预算
Design & planning: Create a mood board, explore various design ideas, decide on your style and renovation budget

□ 装修公司选择:考察,装修合约,商讨细节,签约
Find a trusted interior designer: Meet (a few) interior designers, ask for references, compare costing and scope of work, sign contract

□ 选购材料:瓷砖,地板,橱柜,门窗,五金,涂料,清洁工具,灯具,家具
Shop for fittings: Shop with your ID for key elements such as your flooring, cabinets, doors, windows, wall finishing, lighting & furniture

□ 施工:择日开工,材料运输,结构改造,水电改造,修复工程,瓷砖,地板, 厨房装修,卫浴装修,卧室装修,门窗,嵌入式电器尺寸测量,木作厨柜,油漆,壁纸,窗帘,电器灯具安装,家具
During renovation: Confirm your renovation schedule, get your utilities up and running, foundation and structural fix, electrical, plumbing, flooring, carpentry, fitting, interior painting, wallpaper, surface finishes, lighting installation, electrical appliances, furniture. Constantly check on progress, and of course, keep your home safe

□ 清理验收:检视水电与各家具功能完善性,检视防水工程,核算装修费用,完工验收,清洁善后,保修期与售后服务。一切办得妥妥当当后即可择日搬迁入伙!
Final clean & move in: Joint inspection, check for defects, make rectifications, list out warranties, make sure works are done according to plan and budget, clean up and plan a housewarming party. Home sweet home!

MAGistrate 杂志大人

Corporate Trainer & Speaker

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